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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 183-185

Nonspecific otalgia: Indication for cartilage tympanoplasty

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head Neck Surgery, Government Medical College, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Zafarullah Beigh
Marouf Colony, 90 Feet Road, Bachapora, Srinagar - 190 020, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0971-7749.159707

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Introduction: Myringoplasty and tympanoplasty are commonly performed otologic surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to analyze the influence of nonspecific otalgia on the successful autologous conchal cartilage and temporalis fascia graft take up in type-1 tympanoplasty. Materials and Methods: A total of 250 adult patients who met the inclusion criteria were enrolled for this study. Patients were placed in two groups (otalgia and nonotalgia group) depending upon the history of otalgia. Patients in both groups were operated (type-1 tympanoplasty) using randomly either temporalis fascia or conchal cartilage as the graft material. Follow-up of patients was done after 3 weeks, 6 weeks, and 3 months of surgery to check the status of graft take up. Result: Our study shows that patients in otalgia group in which autologous temporalis fascia was used as the graft material, the majority of patients had graft necrosis by 3 months after surgery (9.6% success only). Whereas patients of the same group in which autologous conchal cartilage was used as the graft material, successful graft take up was in 93.5% patients after 3 months of surgery. Our study shows that there was not much difference in using autologous temporalis fascia or autologous conchal cartilage on successful graft take up in nonotolgia group of patients, with success rate of 97.89% and 97.84%, respectively.

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