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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 188-191

Ear anomalies (congenital) at referral hospital

Department of E.N.T., Sir. T. General Hospital, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikas Sinha
Department of E.N.T., Sir. T. Hospital, Bhavnagar - 364 001, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/indianjotol.INDIANJOTOL_123_18

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Background: In otorhinolaryngology region, about half of the malformation affects the ear. Congenital anomalies of the ear can affect the external ear, middle ear, and inner ear. The ear malformations can be unilateral or bilateral. In this study, we enrolled patients with preauricular cyst, tag, accessory tragus, preauricular sinus, pinna sinus, microtia, anotia, EAC atresia, and congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Hearing loss may lead to delayed language development and poor school performance. Universal newborn hearing screening allows for earlier detection and intervention in infants with hearing loss, which may result in improved language development in affected children. Estimated rates of congenital SNHL range from 1/1000 to 3/1000 live births. Aim and Objective: Proper and early diagnosis can change the future of a child by providing hearing rehabilitation and speech therapy. Materials and Methods: It is a prospective study of 122 patients of ear-related anomalies, conducted at the Government Medical College and Sir T. Hospital, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, from January 2016 to July 2018. Results: we have observed patients with otological malformations which includes external, middle and inner ear malformations. Conclusion: This study contains 122 patients, of which more than half of the patients are male (54.91%). We obsereved patients with Congenital SNHL, pinna anomalies, congenital facial weakness. We have also obtained cases with Waardenburg syndrome and Goldenhar syndrome.

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