Indian Journal of Otology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 28  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 275--278

Association between hearing loss and dementia in elderly


Devika Sinha, Rajeshwary Aroor, Vadisha Srinivas Bhat, Marina Saldanha, Srinath DP Kamath, Shashank Kotian 
 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, KS Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte (Deemed to be) University, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rajeshwary Aroor
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, KS Hegde Medical Academy, Nitte (Deemed to be) University, Mangalore, Karnataka
India

Background: Long standing hearing-loss often leads to the setting in of dementia as hearing-loss. In this study, elderly population were screened for hearing-loss and dementia using Hindi-Mental State Examination. Aims: To know the association between the dementia and Hearing loss Method 206 participants in the age group of 60-80 years (110 were females and 96 were males) were subjected to audiological evaluation and dementia screening using HMSE dementia scoring scale and it was compared with hearing level. Results: Out of 206 subjects, 110 were females and 96 were males. Right ear hearing-loss was seen in 147 cases and left ear in 130 cases. 48 individuals had no hearing-loss, 39 participants had unilateral hearing-loss and 119 participants had bilateral hearing-loss. Most common type of hearing-loss observed was mild hearing-loss 124 participants had no dementia, 82 had dementia. 60 had mild cognitive impairment and 22 had severe cognitive impairment. 49 out of 82 participants with dementia had bilateral hearing-loss. As the hearing handicap percentage increases from 1-100, dementia score decreases. But it was not statistically significant. More number of men were affected with hearing-loss but more number of female participants had dementia. Conclusion: Hearing-loss is more common in men in elderly population but dementia is more commonly seen in females.


How to cite this article:
Sinha D, Aroor R, Bhat VS, Saldanha M, Kamath SD, Kotian S. Association between hearing loss and dementia in elderly.Indian J Otol 2022;28:275-278


How to cite this URL:
Sinha D, Aroor R, Bhat VS, Saldanha M, Kamath SD, Kotian S. Association between hearing loss and dementia in elderly. Indian J Otol [serial online] 2022 [cited 2023 Feb 3 ];28:275-278
Available from: https://www.indianjotol.org/article.asp?issn=0971-7749;year=2022;volume=28;issue=4;spage=275;epage=278;aulast=Sinha;type=0